Disciplines: Economics, Political Science

Theory of direct working class or trade union power, founded in the theories of French social philosopher Georges Sorel (1847-1922).

Since political power arises from economic power, capitalism is most effectively replaced by workers organizing on the basis of their occupation or workplace, and then using their economic power either through strikes or occupations. A popular movement in Italy, particularly under Benito Mussolini (1883-1945).

Also see: collective bargaining theory, industrial democracy

G Sorel, Reflections on Violence (New York, 1941);
David Miller et al., eds, The Blackwell Encyclopaedia of Political Thought (Oxford, 1987)


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