Discipline: Art

(1960- )

This term is applied to works (particularly, large monochromatic paintings) where the spectator's aesthetic response is determined by the intensity and saturation of color.

In Great Britain, the Situation group exhibited together in 1960, its adherents including B COHEN, R DENNY, J HOYLAND and W TURNBULL.

Their work was strongly related to Color Field painting in America. Situationism is also applied to all-encompassing sculpture, where a whole site is used; for example, the work of CARL ANDRE (1935- ).


Discipline: Philosophy

Ethical doctrine that our moral duty cannot be rigorously subjected to general rules, but must take account of each situation as it arises.

Unlike anti-nomianism it does not reject such rules altogether, but insists on flexibility in applying them.

Unlike casuistry it does not insist on breaching rules only if some other rule can be found which takes precedence, but appeals rather to love as its supreme guiding principle.

It may, however, be accused of similarly leading to uncertainty, or even moral anarchy, with inconvenient comparisons being rejected because of the alleged uniqueness of the present case.

J Fletcher, Situation Ethics (1966)

Discipline: Political Science

Advocacy of comprehensive revolution.

Radical and not always precise proposal for total revolutionary transformation of every aspect of life, beginning with individual experience; much in evidence in France in May 1968.

Alan Bullock, Oliver Stallybrass, and Stephen Trombley, eds, The Fontana Dictionary of Modern Thought, 2nd edn (London, 1988)


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