Process Philosophy

Discipline: Philosophy

Any of a variety of theories emphasizing that the basic reality in the universe is not objects or substances but processes.

Objects are mere temporary bodies in the general flux, and are not sharply separated from one another; and real time is continuous and not an accretion of instantaneous moments.

Process philosophy can be seen in Heraclitus of Ephesus (writing c.500 BC), and its leading modern exponents include William James (1842-1910), Henri Bergson (1859-1941) and Alfred North Whitehead (1861-1947).

W James, A Pluralistic Universe (1909), lecture 6; clear, readable, and sympathetic exposition of some of Bergson's philosophy, which had Bergson's full approval


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