Non-Competing Groups

Discipline: Economics

Identified by English economist John Stuart Mill (1806-1873), and named by Irish political economist JOHN CAIRNES (1823-1875), non-competing groups describes groups of individuals who are excluded from entering certain professions.

Originally viewed as the result of disproportionate education opportunities, the analysis of non-competing groups has been extended to exclusion on the grounds of discrimination and trade union/craft barriers to entry to an industry.

Also see: crowding hypothesis, dual labor market theory, insider-outsider wage determination, labor market discrimination, search theory, segmented labor market theory,

J E Cairns, Some Leading Principles of Political Economy (London, 1874)


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