James Burnham

James Burnham

Born: 1905. Died: 1987.


James Burnham was a popular political theorist, activist and intellectual, known for his work The Managerial Revolution, published in 1941, which heavily influenced George Orwell's "1984".

Burnham was a leading American Trotskyist in the 1930s, forming the American Worker's Party, which was a communist and anti-Stalinist party. He left the party in 1940, distancing himself from communism, and worked for the Office of Strategic Services during the war. After the war he called for an aggressive strategy to undermine Soviet Union power during the Cold War.

In 1983 he received a Presidential Medal of Freedom from Ronald Reagan.

Major Books of James Burnham

- The Coming Defeat of Communism, 1949
- Congress and the American Tradition, 1959
- The Machiavellians: Defenders of Freedom, 1943
- Managerial Revolution, 1941
- The Struggle For the World, 1947
- The Suicide of the West: An Essay on the Meaning and Destiny of Liberalism, 1949
- The War We Are In: The Last Decade and the Next, 1967
- The Web of Subversion: Underground Networks, 1954

Major Articles of James Burnham

- 1947, What Is the Purpose of the United Nations?, Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science
- 1957, Is Western Europe the Pivot of American Foreign Policy?, Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science

Quotes from James Burnham

- "All history makes clear that an indispensable quality of any man or class that wishes to lead, to hold power and privilege in society, is boundless self-confidence." (from "The Managerial Revolution: What Is Happening in the World", 1941)


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