Discipline: Art

The use of pictorial techniques such as perspective and foreshortening to deceive the eye into believing that what is painted is real.

Popular in the Hellenistic period, especially in the painted fictive architecture at Pompeii, the technique was revived by Italian painter ANDREA MANTEGNA (1431-1506) in his ceiling for the Camera degli Sposi (1474) in Mantua.

Illusionist effects reached their height in 16th and 17th century Italian architecture, and in the peepshow cabinets of the 17th-century Dutch painters.


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