Discipline: Latin

Usually abbreviated as: Id.

Feminine: eadem (abbreviation: ead.)

A very similar term to ibidem.

The term idem is commonly-used in legal citations in reference to a previously mentioned source. The point of using idem in legal texts is to avoid the unnecessary repetition of case citations.

The verbatim translation of the phrase is "the same".

Also see:

· ibidem


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