(late 19th century)
A movement in late 19th-century Italian art and literature, based in Naples. It emphasized the importance of popular culture and a realistic portrayal of contemporary life, breaking both with academicism and romanticism.
Typical were the paintings of A MANCINI (1852-1930) and the sculptures of V GEMITO (1852-1929). The term is also used to refer to the most extreme form of realism in 20th-century art (for example, in some aspects of surrealism and photo-realism).
Occasionally it is applied to the harsh realism of German Expressionists such as MAX BECKMANN (1884-1950).
C Maltese, Realismo e Verismo nella pittura Italiana (Milan, 1967)