Sociobiology

Discipline: Sociology

Developed and popularized by American zoologist Edward O. Wilson (1929- ) in his text Sociobiology: The New Synthesis (1975), this is the study of animal and human social behavior in the light of evolutionary biology.

Sociobiology encompasses the idea that evolution by natural selection applies to behavior as it applies to physiology and morphology, and that genes affect behaviour and will be selected for if the behavior enhances the 'fitness' of the organism for its environment.

A relatively new field of study, sociobiology remains controversial, especially when applied to human behavior.

Source:
David P Barash, The Hare and the Tortoise (London, 1987)

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