purism

Discipline: Art

(1)

Purismo was an early 19th-century movement in Italian art and literature, advocating a return to the pure forms of the Renaissance.

Whilst allied to neo-classicism, it sought greater spirituality and was closer to the nazarene brotherhood.

The theorist was ANTONIO BIANCHINI; the leading painter, T MINARDI (1787-1871), and the leading sculptor, PIETRO TENERANI (1789-1869).

Source:
E Lavagnino, L'Arte Moderna (Milan, 1956)

(2)

(early 20th century)

Movement based on the aesthetic of 'machine art', founded in Paris by Amédée Ozenfant who, with CHARLES-EDOUARD JEANNERET (Le Corbusier) (1887-1965), published Apres le Cubisme in 1918 and collaborated on a periodical called L'Esprit Nouveau (1920-1925).

Purists admired machine-made objects and the avoidance of emotion, and had similar aims to the German bauhaus movement. After 1925, the most important work in this style was Le Corbusier's architecture.

Source:
C Green, 'Purism', Concepts of Modern Art, T Richardson and N Stangos, eds (London, 1974)

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