Purismo was an early 19th-century movement in Italian art and literature, advocating a return to the pure forms of the Renaissance.
The theorist was ANTONIO BIANCHINI; the leading painter, T MINARDI (1787-1871), and the leading sculptor, PIETRO TENERANI (1789-1869).
E Lavagnino, L'Arte Moderna (Milan, 1956)
(early 20th century)
Movement based on the aesthetic of 'machine art', founded in Paris by Amédée Ozenfant who, with CHARLES-EDOUARD JEANNERET (Le Corbusier) (1887-1965), published Apres le Cubisme in 1918 and collaborated on a periodical called L'Esprit Nouveau (1920-1925).
Purists admired machine-made objects and the avoidance of emotion, and had similar aims to the German bauhaus movement. After 1925, the most important work in this style was Le Corbusier's architecture.
C Green, 'Purism', Concepts of Modern Art, T Richardson and N Stangos, eds (London, 1974)