Discipline: Political Science
Theory underlying much liberal political thought.
There is a division between the public world of paid employment and public affairs, and the private world of the household or family.
For mainstream liberal theorists, the private world is the arena of free individual choice; for feminist and Marxist critics, the division is a sham which in fact sustains either class or gender inequalities.
Carol Pateman The Disorder of Women (Cambridge, 1989)