Preference Utilitarianism

Discipline: Philosophy

Version of utilitarianism which contrasts with both hedonistic utilitarianism and ideal utilitarianism by specifying the end to be pursued in terms neither of pleasure nor of other specific values, but in terms of maximizing the satisfaction of desires or preferences, whatever their objects.

This answers at least some of the objections to the rival versions mentioned above, and some form of preference utilitarianism is probably the most common form of utilitarianism in recent years.

Source:
J J C Smart and B Williams, Utilitarianism For and Against (1973)

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