pre-Raphaelite

Discipline: Art

(1848-1856)

Term adopted by seven British artists who organized themselves into the 'Pre-Raphaelite Brotherhood' in 1848. They wished to return to the simplicity of painting which had existed before Italian artist RAPHAEL (1483-1520).

Founding members included Dante Gabriel Rossetti (1828-1882), JOHN EVERETT MILLAIS (1829-1896) and WILLIAM HOLMAN HUNT (1827-1910). Their compositions were inspired by poetry, Arthurian legend and religious themes, and executed in minute detail with an intricately drawn and colored style.

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