A name first used by British critic and painter ROGER FRY (1886-1934) for artists of the same or next generation as the Impressionists, who rejected the latters' preoccupation with surface effects of light and color.
Three artists - Paul Cezanne, Paul Gauguin and Vincent van Gogh - while benefiting from the technical achievements of the Impressionists and sharing their disdain for academic art, sought in highly individualistic ways to achieve greater order and harmony within their paintings, and to explore the expressive significance of subjects. Their work had great significance for all early 20th-century art movements.
The name loosely refers also to the work of GEORGES SEURAT (1859-1891) and neo-impressionism.
Also See:· impressionism