Pantheism

Discipline: Philosophy

Literally, 'all-godism'.

The view that God and the universe are identical; or that there is no transcendent God outside the universe who created it, but the universe itself is divine.

Among philosophers, Baruch de Spinoza (1632-1677) is a prominent exponent of such a view, and it appears also in Stoicism.

The term itself was coined in 1705 by Irish writer John Toland (1670-1722).

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