Discipline: Political Science
Theories of European Marxists after the Russian Revolution.
As with all uses of the prefix 'neo', the essential distinction is between contemporary or near contemporary views, and earlier ones (for example, neo-conservatism, neo-corporatism and neo-liberalism).
The theories designated as 'neo-' Marxist were concerned in particular with culture and ideology, and with the role of capitalist states' welfare institutions in retarding rather than advancing socialism.
L Kolakowski, Main Currents of Marxism, 3 vols (Oxford, 1978)