nazarene brotherhood

Discipline: Art

(1809)

Name given to an association of artists, initiated by the German painters FRANZ PFORR (1788-1812) and FRIEDRICH OVERBECK (1789-1869), who joined together in Rome as the Lukasbruder ('the Order of St Luke') in July 1809.

Basing their philosophy on the Art-Loving Friar by German author WILHELM HEINRICH WACKENRODER (1773-1798), they rejected academic art instruction and attempted to rein-vigorate art by returning to the spirit of the Middle Ages. They also fostered the concept of art as a servant of religion.

Their philosophy was important for the pre-raphaelite movement in England.

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