Discipline: Political Science
Theory of rational progress.
'Modern' societies are characterized by the rational use of scientific techniques, and by the application of reason to meet the common interests of all.
Critics have argued that there are neither common problems nor common solutions, and that we have already entered a world better understood by post-modernism.
Allan Bullock, Oliver Stallybrass, and Stephen Trombley, eds, The Fontana Dictionary of Modern Thought, 2nd edn (London, 1988)