Magna Carta

Disciplines: History, Political Science

Also known as: Magna Charta, Great Charter

The charter signed on 15 June 1215 at Runnymede, England, by King John of England that granted the rebellious English barons certain rights. Although the charter placed limitations on the royal rights, King John still agreed to sign it, since he was not too powerful at the time, and the barons, who were critical of his high taxes and frequent violations of common law, were exerting pressure on him.

Magna Carta is commonly regarded as the foundation of British constitutional liberty, since its terms made it more difficult for the King to act arbitrarily.

The charter was amended in 1216, 1217, and 1225.

Also see:

· constitutionalism

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