Discipline: Political Science
An extreme form of liberalism. Individuals are free to pursue their own interests unqualified by any conception of public interest or public duty. The individual is the best and only judge of his or her own interests, and government and law should do no more than provide a minimal framework of order in which these interests can be pursued.
A claim that determinism is false for human actions, and that something more than mere indeterminism is needed. This something may take the form of claiming that there is a special entity, the 'self, which is itself immune to causal influence, or at least to compulsion, and can intervene from the outside, as it were, in the causal chain of events. Chisholm distinguishes in this context between immanent causation (by agents) and transeunt causation (by events).
David Miller et al., eds, The Blackwell Encyclopaedia of Political Thought (Oxford, 1987);
R Chisholm, 'Freedom and Action', Freedom and Determinism, K Lehrer, ed. (1966)