Cardinal John Henry Newman

John Henry Newman

Born: 1801. Died: 1890.

Ideas

- All things human develop and change in time, including the Church institution and doctrine.

- It is a collective responsibility to see that ideas develop rightly and in a continuous fashion.

- A university is a place of teaching universal knowledge to produce intelligent members of society by fostering cultivation of the mind and formation of the intellect.

- Religion and knowledge are not opposed to each other, not because they are irrelevant to one another but because they are indivisibly connected - religion forms part of the subject matter of knowledge.

- Certitude is 'an assent, deliberate, unconditional and conscious, to a proposition as true' - which does not mean we cannot 'allow in the abstract that it is possible that we are wrong' but there can be no 'degree' of certidute.

Biography

Newman was a leading priest in the Church of England whose conversion to Catholicism was a major event of the 1840s.

Newman was a popular speaker and a scholar at Oxford, making his conversion all the more welcome to Catholics and shocking to Anglicans.

Newman had been ordained as an Anglican priest in 1825; he was ordained as a Catholic priest in 1847, and in 1879 he was created a cardinal by Pope Leo XIII.

His Apologia Pro Vita Sua (1864) is considered a classic among religious autobiographies.

Major Works of John Henry Newman

- Addresses to Cardinal Newman and His Replies, with Biglietto Speech, 1879
- Apologia Pro Vita Sua, 1864
- Arians of the Fourth Century, 1833
- Callista, 1855
- The Church of the Fathers, 1868
- Development of Religious Error, 1885
- Difficulties of Anglicans, Volumes 1 and 2, 1850
- Discourses to Mixed Congregations, 1849
- Discussions and Arguments, 1872
- The Dream of Gerontius, 1865
- Essay in Aid of a Grammer of Assent, 1870
- Essay on the Development of Christian Doctrine, 1845
- Essays Critical and Historical, Volumes 1 and 2, 1871
- Essays on Miracles, 1826, 1843
- Faith and Prejudice and Other Sermons, various
- Historical Sketches, Volumes 1, 2 and 3, 1872
- Idea of a University, 1858
- Lectures on Justification, 1838
- Letter to Rev. E.B. Pusey, 1865
- A Letter Addressed To His Grace The Duke Of Norfolk, 1875
- Lives of the English Saints, Volumes 1, 2, 3, 4, 5 and 6, editor, 1843–44
- Loss and Gain, 1848
- On the Inspiration of Scripture, 1884
- On the Prophetical Office of the Church, 1837
- Fifteen Sermons Preached Before The University Of Oxford Between 1826 And 1843, 1843
- Parochial and Plain Sermons, 1834–1843
- Present Position of Catholics in England, 1851
- The Rambler, Volumes 1, 2, 3, 4, 5 and 6, editor, 1859–1860
- Select Treatises of St. Athanasius, 1842, 1844
- Sermon Notes, 1849–1878
- Sermons on Subjects of the Day, 1843
- Sermons Preached on Various Occasions, 1874
- Tracts for the Times, 1833–1841
- Tracts Theological and Ecclesiastical, 1871

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