Discipline: Political Science
Theory of class domination associated with Italian Marxist Antonio Gramsci (1891-1937).
Previous Marxist theory had presented classes, especially the capitalist class, ruling via its domination of the state. Gramsci argued that domination of ideas and culture (hegemony) was equally effective, and that for the working class to challenge the existing order it would have - amongst other things - to challenge this cultural dominance with an alternative version of its own.
David Miller et al., eds, The Blackwell Encyclopaedia of Political Thought (Oxford, 1987)