Avant-garde movement founded by the Italian poet and novelist EMILIO FILIPPO TOMMASO MARINETTI (1876-1944). Futurism was inspired by modernity, speed, the machine, the sights and sounds of the 20th century; it was against sentimentalism and history.
In art, the first manifesto was followed by the Manifesto of Futurist Painting (1910) and a Technical Manifesto (1910), where those who signed (BOCCIONI, BALLA, Carlo Carra and SEVERINI) declared their wish todepict the figure and machines in motion, vorticism and rayonism bear some similarities to this movement.
In literature, the strongest influence was on Russian poetry of the 1910s, and the best practitioner was V KLEBNIKOV (1885-1922). Futurism produced texts of fragmentary and infinitive syntax, and favored sound effects and onomatopoeia.
F T Marinetti, 'Futurist Manifesto', he Figaro (20 February 1909, Paris)
M W Martin, Futurist Art and Theory 1909-1915 (1968)
J J White, Literary Futurism: Aspects of the First Avant Garde (Oxford, 1990)