Born: 1822. Died: 1911.
An English scientist, explorer and anthropologist, Francis Galton was a cousin of Charles Darwin and was one of the first to recognize how Darwin's theory of evolution was going to clash with theology.
He coined the word eugenics to denote scientific endeavors to increase the proportion of persons with better than average genes. This was to be done through selective mating of marriage partners.
Galton as a youth developed a passion for travel. He was taking medicine but when his father died he was left with sufficient fortune that he was free to indulge in his craving for travel.
He wrote nine books and over 200 papers. They deal with many diverse subjects, including the use of fingerprints for personal identification, the correlation of calculus (a branch of applied statistics) - in both of which Galton was a pioneer - twins, blood transfusions, the art of travel in undeveloped countries, criminality and meteorology.
He was also deeply concerned with improving standards of measurement.
He was knighted in 1909 and died near London on January 17, 1911.
- The Art of Travel, 1855
- Decipherment of Blurred Finger Prints, 1893
- English Men of Science: Their Nature and Nurture, 1874
- Essays in Eugenics, 1909
- Finger Prints, 1892
- Fingerprint Directories, 1895
- Hereditary Genius, 1869
- Inquiries into Human Faculty, 1883
- Life History Album, 1884
- Memories of My Life, 1908
- Meteorographica, 1863
- Narrative of an Explorer in Tropical South Africa, 1853
- Natural Inheritance, 1889
- Noteworthy Families, with Edgar Schuster, 1906
- Record of Family Faculties, 1884
- Vacation Tourists and Notes of Travel in 1860, edited by Francis Galton, 1861
- 1852, Recent Expedition into the Interior of South-Western Africa, Journal of the Royal Geographical Society of London
- 1862-1863A Development of the Theory of Cyclones, Proceedings of the Royal Society of London
- 1871-1872On Blood-Relationship, Proceedings of the Royal Society of London
- 1874Proposal to Apply for Anthropological Statistics from Schools , The Journal of the Anthropological Institute of Great Britain and Ireland
- 1876A Theory of Heredity , The Journal of the Anthropological Institute of Great Britain and Ireland
- 1889Personal Identification and Description , The Journal of the Anthropological Institute of Great Britain and Ireland
- 1889The Patterns in Thumb and Finger Marks, Proceedings of the Royal Society of London
- 1890-1891Method of Indexing Finger-Marks , Proceedings of the Royal Society of London
- 1894Discontinuity in Evolution, Mind
- 1904Eugenics: Its Definition, Scope, and Aims, The American Journal of Sociology