Fascism

Discipline: Political Science

An extremely nationalist political ideology largely peculiar to the interwar period.

The distinctive characteristics of fascism include: (1) unity under an authoritarian leader who is often above the law, (2) emphasis on a singular collective identity often on ethnic or racial terms, (3) militaristic tendencies, (4) a corporatist regulation of the economy, and (5) the suppression of the opposition.

Fascism is incompatible with liberal democratic notions such as rights, or rule of law. It is also incompatible with socialist ideologies, since it rejects the existence of classes within the society.

Fascism is named after Benito Mussolini's National Fascist Party - or, Partito Nazionale Fascista, in Italian. The term comes from the Latin word fasces, meaning bundle, and refers to the political symbol of the Roman Republic.

Fasces is composed of a bundle of rods bound together with a bronze axe among them. The bound rods symbolizes the unity of people, while the axe among them the leader.

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