Discipline: Political Science
Explanatory and normative theory of politics, originated by Italian social scientists Vilfredo Pareto (1848-1933) and GAETANO MOSCA (1858-1941).
Power and initiative have always been and will always be exercised by a cohesive minority who are marked off from the mass of the population by some particular skill, or quality, or insight.
One version of the theory does no more than observe this phenomenon, the other applauds it.
Geraint Parry, Political Elites (London, 1969)