Disciplines: Law, Political Science
Also referred to as: European Constitution, Constitutional Treaty, or TCE
The treaty drafted by the Convention on the Future of Europe to serve as the constitution for the European Union.
The Convention was established in December 2001 with the Laken Declaration. It met for the first time in February 2002, and produced in July 2003 the text of the TCE. All member-states signed the TCE on 29 October 2004. However, the TCE failed to win the majority of votes in the referendums in France and the Netherlands in May and June 2005, and thus was not ratified.
If ratified, the TCE would replace all of the existing EU treaties. After its rejection, the Treaty of Lisbon (2007) introduced many of the changes which were included in the TCE.