Name of a movement and periodical founded by Dutch artist THEO van DOESBURG (1883-1931) in Holland; its other leading protagonist was fellow Dutch artist Piet Mondrian.
In the first edition, van Doesburg outlined the new aesthetic, or 'neo-Plasticism', as a rejection of expression and individuality in order to create work which is universal, abstract and mechanically composed. The favored format was the line, right angle and three primary colors. These principles were modified after 1924 to allow other angles and planes; however, in the last issue (published in 1932 by van Doesburg's widow) the early rigor of the movement was restated.
De Stijl was highly influential on both European and American artists and architects.