This term was first coined by the French critic LOUIS VAUXCELLES in his 1908 review of an exhibition of paintings by Georges Braque (1882-1963).
Les Demoiselles d'Avignon (1906-1907) by Spanish artist Pablo Picasso (1881-1973) and Braque's Nude (1907-1908) are now considered to represent the first paintings of Analytical Cubism (c. 1906-1909).
Continuing the experiments of French artist Paul Cezanne (1839-1906) in pictorial analysis, picture space is kept shallow and objects are represented simultaneously from all angles, producing a faceted, cubic appearance. The later phase of this movement, Synthetic Cubism (c. 1912-1914), made use of papiers colles and other collage techniques.
The movement had far-reaching significance for 20th century art.
J Golding, Cubism: A History and an Analysis, 1907-1914 (1959)
Also See:· rayonism