Discipline: Political Science
Non-managerial theory of organizational power.
Organizations and enterprises are most appropriately run by co-operative agreement amongst those directly involved.
Collegialism is particulary associated with the professions, and is in that sense a form of middle class guild socialism.
It is contrasted with managerialism, which recommends placing control in a core of specialists who are not directly involved in whatever task the organization or profession performs.
Roger Scruton, A Dictionary of Political Thought (London,1982)