Discipline: Political Science
Theory of the value of political participation.
People are citizens when they participate to the fullest possible extent in the politics and government of their societies.
Ideally all citizens are available for public office, though this is not feasible in large modern states. Citizens engage in political discussion and participation not as means to some other end such as the protection of their interests, but as a form of intelligent social activity worthwhile for its own sake.
Arguments for citizenship frequently draw on aristotelianism.
Geoff Andrews, ed., Citizenship (London, 1991)