bauhaus

Discipline: Art

(1919)

A school of architecture and industrial arts, formed in Weimar by the German architect WALTER GROPIUS (1883-1969).

Its first manifesto, which owed something to the British arts and crafts movement, emphasized the artist as craftsman; and insisted on the unity of the arts in a building, the elimination of the division between monumental and decorative elements of a building, and the importance of design in industrial mass-production.

Following the closure of the school under the Nazi regime in 1933, its style was disseminated internationally by its former associates.

Source:
G Naylor, Bauhaus (1968)

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