The name given by Italian artists Giorgio de Chirico (1888-1978) and Carlo Carra (1881-1966) to the style of painting that resulted from their encounter at the military hospital in Ferrara in 1917. In English it is often referred to as 'metaphysical painting'.
Although short-lived and not strictly a school, according to de Chirico's brother ALBERTO SAVINIO (1891-1952), its significance was: 'the total representation of spiritual necessities within plastic limits - power to express the spectral side of things - irony'. Metaphysical painting is imbued with an air of mystery, ambiguity and incongruity, achieved through unreal perspective and striking lighting.
U Apollonio, Pittura metafisica (Milan, 1945); G de Chirico, Valori Plastici (1918-21)