Disciplines: History, Political Science
The systematic killings of Armenians by the orders of the Young Turk government, which was in control of the Ottoman Empire during World War I. Although most of the killings occurred during the summer of 1915, the Kemalist forces initiated a second round of killings that started in 1919, and continued until 1922.
Estimates on the death toll range widely - from 300,000 to 1,500,000.
It was the tragedy of the events that occurred in 1915 that led Raphael Lemkin to come up with the concept of genocide.