Discipline: Political Science
Theory of politics derived from the work of the Greek philosopher Aristotle (384-322 BC).
Humans are naturally political, and the political life of the free citizen in the self-governing state or polis is the highest form of life, the essence of the 'good life'. Inequalities breed envy which is disruptive of political stability.
The best form of constitution is a mixture of leadership, aristocracy, and citizen participation.
The Aristotelian ideal of political life as an end in itself, not a means to other ends, has underlain much liberal thinking about politics, the vote, and citizenship.
Also see: Aristotle's four causes
J Barnes, Aristotle (Oxford, 1982)