Anarchism

Discipline: Political Science

Theory advocating society without coercive government.

Coercion and authority, of which government is the principal expression, are rejected as incompatible with freedom and autonomy.

Society should be held together by voluntary co-operation. Human nature is naturally collaborative and social, and with the removal of all forms of power and authority a natural harmony can emerge or be cultivated. Anarchists have normally been suspicious of large scale organization, and large scale industrial organization in particular, and have envisaged social life being conducted in small communities in which a variety of skills are cultivated both by individuals and within the community as a whole.

Also see: anarcho-capitalism, anarcho-feminism, anarcho-syndicalism, Bakuninism

Source:
David Miller, Anarchism (London, 1984)

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